List of Jamaican Birds
This is a list of the Jamaican birds species recorded. The avifauna of Jamaica include a total of 324 species, of which 28 are endemic, 15 have been introduced by humans and 160 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Jamaica and is not included in the species count. Twelve species are globally threatened.
The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring, native, species do not fall into any of these categories.
- (A) Accidental – a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Jamaica
- (E) Endemic – a species endemic to Jamaica
- (I) Introduced – a species introduced to Jamaica as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
- (Ex) Extirpated – a species that no longer occurs in Jamaica although populations exist elsewhere
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards.
- Jamaican mango, Anthracothorax mango (E)
- Red-billed streamertail, Trochilus polytmus (E)
- Black-billed streamertail, Trochilus scitulus (E)
- Vervain hummingbird, Mellisuga minima
- Ruby-throated hummingbird, Archilochus colubris (A)
They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings which flap at high frequencies audible to humans. They hover in mid-air at rapid wing flapping rates, typically around 50 times per second, but possibly as high as 200 times per second, allowing them also to fly at speeds exceeding 15 m/s (54 km/h; 34 mph), backwards or upside down.
Hummingbirds have the highest metabolism of any homeothermic animal. To conserve energy when food is scarce, they have the ability to go into a hibernation-like state (torpor) where their metabolic rate is slowed to 1/15th of its normal rate.